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Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe

Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe

Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe (Harry Larkins), Chief of the Rangitāne, was the brother of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe, who is remembered today with a statue in the Square Gardens, Palmerston North. In 1895, Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe petitioned the Government to be allowed to sell land to buyers other than the Crown.

 
Christmas Lights on Broadway Avenue

Christmas Lights on Broadway Avenue

In 1970, to mark Palmerston North's centennial, the Council arranged to purchase a section of the 1969 Light of London Christmas decorations from Regent Street. Ten lines of lights were purchased at a cost of £2,820 - 9 lines consisting of 1 large centre star, 2 reflector stars and 4 triple drapes. The 10th line was a shield based on the Palmerston North coat of arms. The lines were placed on Broadway Avenue, Rangitikei Street and in the Square. The coat of arms was in Fitzherbert Avenue. It cost $3000 per year to power the lights. They were taken down in March of 1972 for refurbishing and put up for Christmas in 1972-1974. However, the lights were expensive to maintain and they have not been used since [2014].

 
First trip on the miniature railway – Victoria Esplanade

First trip on the miniature railway – Victoria Esplanade

Locomotive 271 pulls away on its trip in the Victoria Esplanade gardens, Palmerston North, with members of the official party at the 1 November, 1969, opening of the miniature railway. At the controls is Mr M K Bury, the President of the Miniature Railway Society. Originally it was a half mile track running through native bush. Today (2014) a new extension loop takes the railway on a 20 minute ride to the children's playground and back on a track that is 2.2 km long. The Esplanade Scenic Railway Society owns and operates the miniature railway, one of the largest of its type in New Zealand, with a fleet of three locomotives, ten passenger cars and four specialised carriages for maintenance work. The Society's volunteer crews take turns to act as Guard, staff the ticket office, and drive the trains, and on busy days staff two trains and two stations.

 
Panorama of the Square, 1915
Panorama of the Square, 1915 2Panorama of the Square, 1915 3Panorama of the Square, 1915 4Panorama of the Square, 1915 5Panorama of the Square, 1915 6

Panorama of the Square, 1915

Section 1: The Crown Studios; Pegdens Furniture Warehouse; H.S. Porteous, grocer; DM George, draper and clothier; Wacker's Zealandia Shoe Repair Depot; B.H. Just, nurseryman; Bert Pratt, Hairdressers and Tobacconist; Occidental Hotel - built in the 1880s and destroyed by fire in 1927; Statue of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe. Section 2: At rear left can be seen the Bank of New Zealand on the corner of Fitzherbert Street. At rear right is the All Saints Church and the Grand Hotel on either side of the Church Street corner. In the forefront can be seen the central strip of The Square, which was dominated by the train track running through it. Section 3: The scene shows the central strip of The Square, which was dominated by the train track running through it, and beyond to the Main Street yards and train station. Visible: "Daily Times" (remained on this site until 1913); W Park's bookshop - remained here until about 1910; Richard Leary's chemist shop was on this site until 1937; The Coles Building, erected in 1902; Railway Station, Main Street West (lcoated here until 1963); Band Rotunda (1908); Kind Edward VII Memorial (1902) Section 4: The scene is of The Square from Main Street (on left) through to Coleman Mall. At this time Rangitikei Street stretched into The Square (as shown) and a road ran alongside the central strip, which had the train track running through it.Visible: Child's Commercial Hotel; CM Ross Co (est. 1883); Union Bank of Australia (1882) Section 5: The scene shows The Square from the Coleman Mall corner (at left) through to Rangitikei Street corner on the right. In the foreground can be seen one of the two cannons, purchased from the Government by the Palmerston North Borough Council.Visible: Manawatu Tea Rooms (opened 1905); Clarendon Hotel (rebuilt in 1904 after a fire destroyed the original 2 storey wooden building); Old Gun - placed in the Square by the City Council 1909. Section 6: The scene shows The Square from the Bank of New Zealand on the corner of Rangitikei Street, through to the beginning of Broadway.Visible: Bank of New Zealand (corner Rangitikei Street and the Square); Watchorn's drapery moved here from the PCD site in 1908.

 
Charles McIntosh Ross

Charles McIntosh Ross

C M Ross (1852-1924) was born in Scotland, at Tain in Ross-shire. He worked as a draper for four years in London at Marshall and Snelgrove, before leaving for New Zealand in 1878 on the ‘Leucadia’. He was first employed in Wellington by Turnbull Smith and Co. Ltd. In 1883, he bought the 'Bon Marche' store on The Square which later traded as C M Ross & Co. Charles Ross worked for the business until his death in 1924. In 1927-1928 the business built a big new department store on the same site (now the City Library), which later became known as 'Roscos'. The business stayed in the family until 1959, when it was sold to Milne and Choyce. Charles Ross is the namesake of the Roslyn suburb, Rosemont shopping centre and Roslyn Intermediate School.

 
George Matthew Snelson

George Matthew Snelson

George Snelson (1837-1901) is often called 'The Father of Palmerston North'. He was the first store-keeper, first Chairman of the Manawatu Road Board, first Chairman of the School Committee, first Chairman of the Hospital Board and first Postmaster. He is best remembered as the first Mayor of the Borough in 1877, and again in 1883, 1889-1891 and 1901 when he died in Office. See also 2007N_Pi1_PEO_0339 and 2013N_Pi206_006897.

 
Louisa Matilda Snelson

Louisa Matilda Snelson

Louisa was the wife of George Matthew Snelson,a pioneer storekeeper and first Mayor of the Borough of Palmerston North. She arrived in Palmerston North in 1871 and died 15 December 1919. This small portrait of her contained in a card inscribed - "With L.M. Snelson's best wishes for....1914".

 
John Tiffin Stewart

John Tiffin Stewart

J T Stewart (1827-1913) was a surveyor and one of the earliest Europeans to see the 'Papaeoia' clearing, on which Palmerston North was established, c 1858. Locally, he surveyed the Ahuaturanga Block (purchased from Maori) and the route for the Manawatu Gorge Road.

 
Palmerston North centennial re-enactment

Palmerston North centennial re-enactment

One of the events to celebrate 100 years of Palmerston North was a re-enactment of the landing of the first settlers in Palmerston North, who came down the Manawatu River from Foxton by canoe. From left: Ken Wynks as George Snelson (earlier settler and first Mayor of Palmerston North); Alison Stuart as Matilda Montgomery, the Snelsons 16 year old ward; Unknown

 
Palmeston North Abattoir staff

Palmeston North Abattoir staff

The Palmerston North Borough Council operated the abattoir, in Maxwell's Line, Palmerston North, 1916-1951. Workmen and a dog pose outside the abattoir works, when Mr Spillman was the Manager. The works closed for killing in April 1969. People identified when this photograph ran in The Tribune in 1969, but there are more people in the photograph than are named. Back row: H Nankerville; Felix Lucas; C Gatchie; W Arlidge; A Taylor; W Williamson (foreman); Bert Price; Howard Humphries (engineeer); B Robin; G Bedow (head bacon curer). Front row: T McAvinue; Mr Nankerville; W Nant; Mr Burquist; H Bailey; A M Spillman (manager); Mick Baggent; Don Baggent; E Cook; Tom Lidane; C Commer; T McEwen; Jack Watts.

 
Awapuni Marae [?]

Awapuni Marae [?]

I te taha o te tiriti o Pioneer Highway i hangaia tētahi tāone iti me tētahi marae ko Kikiwhenua te ingoa. I hangaia ai te marae i te tau 1883. Ko tēnei whakaahua e whakaatu ana i tēnei marae? I kōrero a Ian Matheson ki te whānau o Te Awe Awe. Ki a rātou ko Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe te tangata e tū ana ki te muri whakamauī, ko Manawaroa te tangata e tū tuarua ana ki te taha whakamatau. Possibly the Marae at Awapuni, built in 1883. Albert Rickard, the photographer, was manager of the Awapuni Skimming Station.

 
Wiremu Kingi Te Awe Awe

Wiremu Kingi Te Awe Awe

Wiremu Kingi Te Awe Awe with the flag, a taonga of the Rangitane people, presented to them by the New Zealand Government in recognition of their military service in Taranaki during the years 1866 to 1869. Emblazoned on to the flag is the Union Jack and "Tanenuiarangi", which is the full name of the ancestor from whom the people are descended. The flag has been flown in The Square of Palmerston North, on three occasions: at the unveiling of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe statue in 1907; during the civic welcome to His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales in 1920; during the civic welcome of Te Arikinui Dame Te Atairangikaahu, the Maori Quee,n in 1971.

 
Ko Meihana Durie e whaikōrero ana; Palmerston North Centennial meeting

Ko Meihana Durie e whaikōrero ana; Palmerston North Centennial meeting

He hui mō te whakamaumaharatanga o te taenga mai o ngā tauiwi i te tau 1871. I tū te hui i muri i te whakaritenga karakia ki YMCA Stadium. Ko Meihana Durie ko te kaumātua o te iwi Rangitāne me Ngāti Kauwhata. Ko ia hoki e whaikōrero ana. I noho ia ki Aorangi, Feilding. E ai kī a Whaea Mita ko ngā tāngata kua whakaahuatia e whai ake nei. Ko muri o te whare: ko te whānau o Gordon Cruden tāua ko Patricia Cruden, i mua o rātou: ko Sam Mihaere, ko Bill Nepia rāua ko M. Sexton. Ko te nohohanga i mua: ko Kahu Hynes, ko tētahi tamaiti tāne, ko Pīhopa M. Bennett, ko ‘Lassie’ Mihaere, ko Kahu Durie, ko Huia Whakamoe, Ko Whaea Black rāua ko te Mea Black. A meeting during the Centennial Celebrations held after a church service at the YMCA stadium. The speaker is Meihana Durie from Aorangi, Feilding, and kaumātua of Rangitāne and Ngāti Kauwhata. At the back of the room: Gordon Cruden, City Councillor, his wife Patricia and children; in front of the Cruden family: Sam Mihaere City Councillor; Bill Nepia, Teachers' College; M. Sexton, City Councillor. In the front row: Kahu Hynes; a boy; Bishop M. Bennett; ‘Lassie’ Mihaere; Kahu Durie; Huia Whakamoe; Mrs Black; Mayor Black.

 
Totara Reserve, Pohangina Valley

Totara Reserve, Pohangina Valley

"Totara Reserve" is the popular name of the 740 acre public reserve situated on the east bank of the Pohangina River and officially known as Pohangina Valley Domain. Since 1947, this reserve has been owned by the Palmerston North City Council. The photographer is Charles E Wildbore (1862-1937), who came to New Zealand from England in 1874. He was a bee keeper, dairy farmer and a well-known amateur photographer in the Pohangina Valley during the period 1890s-1920. He married Jane Emily Dallison in 1888 and they had 13 children.

 
The Square Looking Towards Main Street West from near Coleman Place

The Square Looking Towards Main Street West from near Coleman Place

This photograph was taken prior to 1900 because the Standard newspaper building and the Commercial Hotel were burned down in that year. A photograph taken from the same angle and with the same buildings appears in "A Selection of Views from Palmerston North". This booklet appears to have been published in 1893 because it contains a photograph of the plans of Presbyterian Church "in the course of erection".

 
Inauguration of Union Airways commercial service at Milson Aerodrome

Inauguration of Union Airways commercial service at Milson Aerodrome

Milson Aerodrome, Palmerston North, became the headquarters of Union Airways (later merged with National Airways Corporation which became Air New Zealand) when the Palmerston North – Dunedin service was inaugurated 15 January 1936. The three Union airways aeroplanes (DH 86 Express) from left: ZK-AEH; ZK-AEF; ZK-AEG.

 
Palmerston North abattoir, Maxwells Line

Palmerston North abattoir, Maxwells Line

The Palmerston North Abattoir was situated in Awapuni for 63 years. Opened in December 1906, the works were operated by the Manawatu Meat Company until 1917, when the Borough Council purchased them. They remained under Council control until their demolition in 1969 and since then the city’s meat has been obtained from a regional abattoir at Feilding. The two men in bowler hats are the managers of the Manawatu Meat Company: L to R: A J Rawstrom and C. F. Carter.

 
Railway Yards, Main Street, Palmerston North

Railway Yards, Main Street, Palmerston North

This photograph looks east towards The Square. In the centre of the photograph is the clock tower of the old Post Office, removed as an earthquake risk in 1942. Quite distinct is the curve in the train line running through The Square. The street that runs through the centre of the photograph is Main Street. The Milson deviation opened in 1960 followed by the new railway station off Tremaine Avenue in 1963, removing the need for trains to travel through the centre of the city and down Main Street.

 
'Woodhey',  Te Awe Awe Street

'Woodhey', Te Awe Awe Street

This photograph is taken from the south bank of the Hokowhitu Lagoon which is seen in the foreground. Built for Jacob Nannestad, a sawmiller, the house was bought by John Henderson Pollock Strang in 1903. In 1921 it was sold to William Caccia Birch. It remained in the Caccia Birch family until gifted to the Government in 1941. After various uses it was eventually given to the Palmerston North City Council and now called Caccia Birch and serves as a function centre

 
Rangitikei Street in the 1920s

Rangitikei Street in the 1920s

This photograph was taken from the corner of Featherston Street looking down Rangitikei Street towards The Square. It shows a busy street scene, complete with pedestrians, traffic and parked cars. Visible on the right side of the street are Brown's Boot Store, Haywood's Vulcanising Works, Red and Gray Ltd - Farm Implement Makers, unknown and Holben and Kirk. Visible on the left side of the street are the Tiratu Sawmilling Company and Huia Traders (Dairy, Confectioners and Soft drinks).

 
Unveiling of Te Peeti Statue, The Square

Unveiling of Te Peeti Statue, The Square

The Te Peeti Te Awe Awe Statue, designed by Harold Anderson was commissioned in 1905 by Te Peeti's younger sister, Ereni Te Awe Awe (Mrs Kerei Te Panau). It was made of white Carrara marble and was unveiled 29 January 1907 by Hon. James Carroll, Native Minister. For more information about the event, see Manawatu Standard, Volume XLI, Issue 8195, 29 January 1907, Page 5 (available online at www.paperspast.natlib.govt.nz) This postcard was sent by Caroline Victoria Mitchell (Tottie) of 23 Campbell Street, Palmerston North. The postcard reads, "Dear Love. This is a photo of the unveiling of the Maori Monument in Memory of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe erected in the centre of the Square by Victoria House. With love from all, from (?)"

 
Mr Cliff Whiting

Mr Cliff Whiting

Cliff Whiting and one of the working drawings for a new mural. In 1955, Whiting began teacher training at Wellington Teachers' College. From 1973-1981, Mr Whiting was an art lecturer at Palmerston North Teachers College. He encouraged the inclusion of Maori art in schools and began a program of marae visits for students. He is best known for his large scale murals. He was awarded The Order of New Zealand in 1998 in recognition of his contributions to teaching, art and the cultural heritage of New Zealand.

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