The Public School, on the corner of Main and Duke (now Princess) Streets was built in 1872 and added to in 1879 and 1882. This school building was converted into the first Empire Hotel 1890-1895, after the school moved to Campbell Street, where it operated from 1890-1921, before moving to Featherston Street as Central (Normal) School.
John George Collins and family rented 2 Waldegrave Street when their Newbury home was burnt down while a home was being built on their farm “Rawea”, 14 miles from of Taihape. J G Collins returned to live in Amesbury Street, Palmerston North, in 1920. From left: Front - Jack, Sadie and Douglas Collins. Rear - Fred and Newton Collins (in his mother’s arms); Mrs G J Collins; Annie and Edith Hill, nieces of J G Collins.
The float is pictured outside the C M Ross premises on George Street. It featured women staff members dressed in period costumes from throughout the 50 year history of PalmerstonNorth.
William Arthur Browning commenced business in Palmerston North circa 1889, purchasing the "English and American Coach Factory" in Cuba Street established by Robert Parr. In September 1894 the Cuba Street premises were destroyed by fire and Browning moved to Main Street West, where he operated until just after World War One. He died in March 1929.
District staff gathered on the occasion of District Commander (1931-1934) Inspector Peter Harvey’s farewell. See Ray Carter, Beyond the Call of Duty. A History of the Palmerston North Police District, Stylex Print. Palmerston North, 1988, p. 74.
The Palmerston North Abattoir opened December 1906. It was operated by the Manawatu Meat Company until February 1917, when it was purchased by the Palmerston North Borough Council. It closed in 1969.
The Public Trust Office was established in Palmerston North in 1872. This purpose built building was opened in December 1921, after the original agency was replaced by a permanent branch office in 1919. In 1929 an extension was added to the building and a second storey in 1937-1938. The building was demolished in 1978 to make way for a new Public Trust office.
This building was constructed as the Colonial Bank in c1892. It was used as a Public Library 1900-1905 and then converted into the administration building of the Palmerston North Borough Council. It was increased in 1925 by the addition of the two storey structure at the rear, just seen in the photograph. In 1945 the original front portion was demolished and replaced by a new administration building, today known as Square Edge, attached to the 1925 addition at the back.
These three premises were situated on the southern side of The Square, between Church Street and Main Street west. William Park bought his business in Palmerston North in 1882, and later this building of 8000 square feet was designed by Ernest Larcomb, for him.. Richard Leary, a chemist and optician, established his business in 1875. This building, also designed by E Larcomb, was purpose built for Leary, made of wood and iron and had a floor space of 5200 square feet.
The library was constructed by the City Council on the site of the former Occidental Hotel, destroyed by fire. The library was originally housed upstairs and offices and shops occupied the ground floor, but in later years the libray expanded into some areas downstairs. The businesses below the library are from left; J Cousins, Clothier and Mercer: Chemist, J Ellis; Confectioner; Tiny Tots Garage Manufactures (factory in Church Street West); Marama Artcrafts.
When the Palmerston North Bowling Club formed in 1889 it rented a private Green in Lombard Street, at which this photograph must be taken. In 1901, land in Taonui Street was purchased, adjoining the Lombard Street Green, which was later purchased. Front Row: Sitting 4th from left is W T Wood, with hands clasped around knee; Back Row: standing 3rd from right is J A Nash, with black bowler hat; Middle Row: sitting 3rd from left is Kenneth Wilson, with the white hat and white beard. The Feilding Star described the event: The Palmerston North Bowling Club opened their green for the coming season yesterday afternoon there being a large attendance, including Messrs W. A. t. Bailey, H. L. Sherwill, W. G. Haybittle and E Giesen from Feilding. The President, Mr K Wilson, welcomed the gentlemen from Feilding and Mr Bailey expressed the thanks of his club for their admittance as honorary members to the Palmerston Club and for the hearty reception with which his party had met. (Feilding Star, Volume XVII, Issue 94, 17 October 1895, Page 2)
At this time the women's wear department was in the single storey George Street building, which was thought to have been connected to The Square frontage of the department store. This building was replaced with a two storey building in the 1920s.
At this time, the women's wear departments were housed in the recently constructed building next to the Union Bank of Australasia, on The Square. The C M Ross store began in The Square in 1883, and grew into one of the foremost department stores in Palmerston North.
The Manawatu Flour Mills were established in Palmerston North in 1878. The photograph was taken just prior to demolition. Briscoes were established as hardware merchants, and now operate as Briscoes Hardware in Main Street, near the corner of Princess Street.
The Manawatu Flour mills were located at 291 Broadway Avenue, Palmerston North. The business was begun on this site by Richter, Nannnestad and Jensen in 1878.
The Queen and Prince Philip visited Palmerston North on Saturday February 26th, 1977. In this photograph, the Queen is being escorted through the crowds by Mayor Desmond Black.
These are the two of the original identities of Palmerston North. Kerei Te Panau (left) was the Chief of the Awapuni tribe. George Matthew Snelson (right) was the first shopkeeper of Palmerston North and became its first Mayor, serving from 1877-1879, 1883-1884, 1889-1892 and 1901.
Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe (Harry Larkins), Chief of the Rangitāne, was the brother of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe, who is remembered today with a statue in the Square Gardens, Palmerston North. In 1895, Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe petitioned the Government to be allowed to sell land to buyers other than the Crown.
In 1970, to mark Palmerston North's centennial, the Council arranged to purchase a section of the 1969 Light of London Christmas decorations from Regent Street. Ten lines of lights were purchased at a cost of £2,820 - 9 lines consisting of 1 large centre star, 2 reflector stars and 4 triple drapes. The 10th line was a shield based on the Palmerston North coat of arms. The lines were placed on Broadway Avenue, Rangitikei Street and in the Square. The coat of arms was in Fitzherbert Avenue. It cost $3000 per year to power the lights. They were taken down in March of 1972 for refurbishing and put up for Christmas in 1972-1974. However, the lights were expensive to maintain and they have not been used since .
Locomotive 271 pulls away on its trip in the Victoria Esplanade gardens, Palmerston North, with members of the official party at the 1 November, 1969, opening of the miniature railway. At the controls is Mr M K Bury, the President of the Miniature Railway Society. Originally it was a half mile track running through native bush. Today (2014) a new extension loop takes the railway on a 20 minute ride to the children's playground and back on a track that is 2.2 km long. The Esplanade Scenic Railway Society owns and operates the miniature railway, one of the largest of its type in New Zealand, with a fleet of three locomotives, ten passenger cars and four specialised carriages for maintenance work. The Society's volunteer crews take turns to act as Guard, staff the ticket office, and drive the trains, and on busy days staff two trains and two stations.
Section 1: The Crown Studios; Pegdens Furniture Warehouse; H.S. Porteous, grocer; DM George, draper and clothier; Wacker's Zealandia Shoe Repair Depot; B.H. Just, nurseryman; Bert Pratt, Hairdressers and Tobacconist; Occidental Hotel - built in the 1880s and destroyed by fire in 1927; Statue of Te Peeti Te Awe Awe. Section 2: At rear left can be seen the Bank of New Zealand on the corner of Fitzherbert Street. At rear right is the All Saints Church and the Grand Hotel on either side of the Church Street corner. In the forefront can be seen the central strip of The Square, which was dominated by the train track running through it. Section 3: The scene shows the central strip of The Square, which was dominated by the train track running through it, and beyond to the Main Street yards and train station. Visible: "Daily Times" (remained on this site until 1913); W Park's bookshop - remained here until about 1910; Richard Leary's chemist shop was on this site until 1937; The Coles Building, erected in 1902; Railway Station, Main Street West (lcoated here until 1963); Band Rotunda (1908); Kind Edward VII Memorial (1902) Section 4: The scene is of The Square from Main Street (on left) through to Coleman Mall. At this time Rangitikei Street stretched into The Square (as shown) and a road ran alongside the central strip, which had the train track running through it.Visible: Child's Commercial Hotel; CM Ross Co (est. 1883); Union Bank of Australia (1882) Section 5: The scene shows The Square from the Coleman Mall corner (at left) through to Rangitikei Street corner on the right. In the foreground can be seen one of the two cannons, purchased from the Government by the Palmerston North Borough Council.Visible: Manawatu Tea Rooms (opened 1905); Clarendon Hotel (rebuilt in 1904 after a fire destroyed the original 2 storey wooden building); Old Gun - placed in the Square by the City Council 1909. Section 6: The scene shows The Square from the Bank of New Zealand on the corner of Rangitikei Street, through to the beginning of Broadway.Visible: Bank of New Zealand (corner Rangitikei Street and the Square); Watchorn's drapery moved here from the PCD site in 1908.
C M Ross (1852-1924) was born in Scotland, at Tain in Ross-shire. He worked as a draper for four years in London at Marshall and Snelgrove, before leaving for New Zealand in 1878 on the ‘Leucadia’. He was first employed in Wellington by Turnbull Smith and Co. Ltd. In 1883, he bought the 'Bon Marche' store on The Square which later traded as C M Ross & Co. Charles Ross worked for the business until his death in 1924. In 1927-1928 the business built a big new department store on the same site (now the City Library), which later became known as 'Roscos'. The business stayed in the family until 1959, when it was sold to Milne and Choyce. Charles Ross is the namesake of the Roslyn suburb, Rosemont shopping centre and Roslyn Intermediate School.
This building was owned by George Matthew Snelson, the first storekeeper, auctioneer and land agent in Palmerston North. It stood on the western side of The Square between Coleman Place and Main Street west, the site now occupied by the City Library (2009).
George Snelson (1837-1901) is often called 'The Father of Palmerston North'. He was the first store-keeper, first Chairman of the Manawatu Road Board, first Chairman of the School Committee, first Chairman of the Hospital Board and first Postmaster. He is best remembered as the first Mayor of the Borough in 1877, and again in 1883, 1889-1891 and 1901 when he died in Office. See also 2007N_Pi1_PEO_0339 and 2013N_Pi206_006897.
Louisa was the wife of George Matthew Snelson,a pioneer storekeeper and first Mayor of the Borough of Palmerston North. She arrived in Palmerston North in 1871 and died 15 December 1919. This small portrait of her contained in a card inscribed - "With L.M. Snelson's best wishes for....1914".
J T Stewart (1827-1913) was a surveyor and one of the earliest Europeans to see the 'Papaeoia' clearing, on which Palmerston North was established, c 1858. Locally, he surveyed the Ahuaturanga Block (purchased from Maori) and the route for the Manawatu Gorge Road.
One of the events to celebrate 100 years of Palmerston North was a re-enactment of the landing of the first settlers in Palmerston North, who came down the Manawatu River from Foxton by canoe. From left: Ken Wynks as George Snelson (earlier settler and first Mayor of Palmerston North); Alison Stuart as Matilda Montgomery, the Snelsons 16 year old ward; Unknown
The Palmerston North Borough Council operated the abattoir, in Maxwell's Line, Palmerston North, 1916-1951. Workmen and a dog pose outside the abattoir works, when Mr Spillman was the Manager. The works closed for killing in April 1969. People identified when this photograph ran in The Tribune in 1969, but there are more people in the photograph than are named. Back row: H Nankerville; Felix Lucas; C Gatchie; W Arlidge; A Taylor; W Williamson (foreman); Bert Price; Howard Humphries (engineeer); B Robin; G Bedow (head bacon curer). Front row: T McAvinue; Mr Nankerville; W Nant; Mr Burquist; H Bailey; A M Spillman (manager); Mick Baggent; Don Baggent; E Cook; Tom Lidane; C Commer; T McEwen; Jack Watts.
I te taha o te tiriti o Pioneer Highway i hangaia tētahi tāone iti me tētahi marae ko Kikiwhenua te ingoa. I hangaia ai te marae i te tau 1883. Ko tēnei whakaahua e whakaatu ana i tēnei marae? I kōrero a Ian Matheson ki te whānau o Te Awe Awe. Ki a rātou ko Hare Rakena Te Awe Awe te tangata e tū ana ki te muri whakamauī, ko Manawaroa te tangata e tū tuarua ana ki te taha whakamatau. Possibly the Marae at Awapuni, built in 1883. Albert Rickard, the photographer, was manager of the Awapuni Skimming Station.
Tamihana Te Awe Awe and two of his daughters with Rakiwhata Te Awe Awe.