WWI

Discover Manawatū's WW1 history

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Portrait of Frank Cammock 1

Portrait of Frank Cammock

This portrait is of Frank Cammock, Woodville resident and a labourer in the Kiwi Bacon Factory. His service record lists him as being "Killed in Action in the field Belgium 14 October 1917". This portrait was passed to the Ian Matheson City Archives as part of the H.H. Mackrell Collection. Frank was H.H. Mackrell's brother-in-law. 

Date
1914 to 1917
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A Souvenir of Peace

A Souvenir of Peace

This small card was issued by local department store Collinson and Cunninghame to commemorate the patriotic procession in Palmerston North "held on receipt of the glorious news that the capitulation of Germany had followed that of Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria." The Boyce Papers are held in the Ian Matheson City Archives.

Creator
Date
November 1918
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Our Reveille Booklet 1
Our Reveille Booklet 2Our Reveille Booklet 3Our Reveille Booklet 4Our Reveille Booklet 5Our Reveille Booklet 6+16
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Manawatu Final Battle Booklet

This booklet comes the Ian Matheson City Archives Research Files, available for viewing on the 2nd Floor of the Central Library building. This programme lists a number of events, including concerts, raffles and parades - including a parade where young ladies dressed in the garb of Britain's allies, called the "Grand Empire March." The Final Battle Campaign was one of the fundraising efforts made by New Zealanders to raise money for the soldiers wounded during WWI.

Creator
Date
1914 to 1918
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Rangiotu Camp, 1915

Rangiotu Camp, 1915

This photograph was found with other copied prints in the John Cleland Community Archive. The original photographer is unknown - these have been labelled (at a later date by Ian Matheson) Rangiotu Camp, 1915 based on the information found on the photographs. The camp was built to house the men evacuated from Trentham Camp (Wellington) due to unsanitary conditions and disease. Samuel Jickell, Civil Engineer for the Palmerston North Borough Council, used the information from a report on the failings of Trentham's design to ensure similar problems did not arise in Rangiotu. The 1st & 2nd New Zealand Rifle Brigade and the Earl of Liverpool’s Own Regiment were stationed at the camp, which was comprised of over 3000 acres and could accommodate 2,000 men.

Creator
Date
1915
Place
Manawatu
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Bulford Kiwi - Sling Camp, England

Bulford Kiwi - Sling Camp, England

Originally called Sling Plantation due to the nearby forest, this camp was located beside the Bulford on the Salisbury Plain in Wiltshire. New Zealand troops built wooden huts here after the beginning of the First World War. It was occupied by New Zealand forces in 1916, It was officially called the 4th New Zealand Infantry Brigade Reserve Camp, and trained reinforcements and casualties who were regaining fitness. It was also home to some New Zealand conscientious objectors (such as Baxter brothers, Archibald, Alex and John. In 1918, there were 4,300 men at Sling. Soon after the camp suffered large casualties as a result of the Spanish influenza. After the end of the war, there were 4600 New Zealand troops stationed at the camp and the camp became a repatriation centre. There was significant unrest after delays in demobilisation and subsequent attempts to enforce order led to  rioting. After the ringleaders had been arrested and sent home to New Zealand, the rest of the troops were given the task of carving the shape of a large Kiwi in the chalk of the hill that overlooks the camp, known as the Bulford Kiwi, which is still present today. This postcard comes from the Cleland Photograph Collection and is dated 1915 - this date must be erroneous as the Kiwi was not created until 1918.

Creator
Date
circa 1916
Place
Sling Camp, England
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Rangiotu Camp, 1915

Rangiotu Camp, 1915

This photograph was found with other copied prints in the John Cleland Community Archive. The original photographer is unknown - these have been labelled (at a later date by Ian Matheson) Rangiotu Camp, 1915 based on the information found on the photographs. The rectangular building in the distance on the right was the HQ of the camp. The farmhouse in front belonged to Manawaroa Te Awe Awe, the man who loaned the use of his paddocks for the camp's creation. The house was later moved closer towards the other houses visible in the distance on the left side of the image. The camp was built to house the men evacuated from Trentham Camp (Wellington) due to unsanitary conditions and disease. Samuel Jickell, Civil Engineer for the Palmerston North Borough Council, used the information from a report on the failings of Trentham's design to ensure similar problems did not arise in Rangiotu. The 1st & 2nd New Zealand Rifle Brigade and the Earl of Liverpool’s Own Regiment were stationed at the camp, which was comprised of over 3000 acres and could accommodate 2,000 men.

Creator
Date
1915
Place
Manawatu
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WW1 Postcard to WH Smith 1
WW1 Postcard to WH Smith 2

WW1 Postcard to WH Smith

This postcard comes from the W H Smith . He was a journalist and newspaper proprietor in Wairapa, Blenheim, Palmerston North and Marton. He came to Palmerston North in 1882 as editor of "The Manawatu Times" and was owner of that paper from 1884 to 1915. In 1896 he purchased the 'Rangitikei Advocate' and was closely associated with it until his retirement in 1926. This postcard was sent to WH Smith from someone on active service, presumably stationed in or near Cairo at the time of sending. The stamp indicates the postcard was sent on 23 June 1916. Note the lack of address - WH Smith must have been very well known in Palmerston North at that time!

 
Last Letter to Will Chapman

Last Letter to Will Chapman

  Battered remains of an envelope originally containing John Henry Chapman’s last letter (dated October 1918) to his younger brother Will Chapman, then serving in Northern France. It was returned to sender, arriving just under a year later marked ‘Deceased’. Will died 27th November 1918 in an army hospital in the town of Caudry, northern France, the victim of influenza, and is buried in the military cemetery there.  

 
Gilbert Edison Rose

Gilbert Edison Rose

Gilbert Edison Rose's parents were early settlers to the Rangiwahia district. Gilbert served with the 27th New Zealand Mounted Rifles during World War One. His military service began on 28 October 1916 and ended 17 June 1919. After training at Featherston Camp, he spent 1917-1918 as part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He caught malaria in 1918 and was hospitalised in Cairo - he was not discharged until January 1919. He died in Feilding in 1945, officially as a result of his earlier malarial infection, and is buried in Rangiwahia cemetery along with his family. These photographs are held with the Rose Papers in the Ian Matheson City Archives.

 
Will Chapman in Uniform

Will Chapman in Uniform

  Will Chapman in army kit (centre, nearest camera) during family farewells on the day that he boarded the troopship SS Willochra bound for Suez. From September 1916 onward he served on the Western Front as a Driver in the Divisional Ammunition Column of the 1st Field Artillery, NZFA. Shortly after the Armistice he fell a victim of the influenza epidemic and was hospitalised at Caudry, a small town about 15km east of Cambrai, Northern France. He died on the 27th November 1918 and is buried in the military cemetery just outside Caudry.  

Creator
Date
March 3, 1916
 
Page 1: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war dead
Page 2: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war deadPage 3: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war deadPage 4: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war deadPage 5: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war deadPage 6: Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war dead+6
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Palmerston North War Memorial - list of names of war dead

A complete list of all the people named on the Palmerston North War Memorial Cenotaph in The Square, in two parts. The first part is the original WWI names from the 1926 Memorial opening, transcribed in 1990. The second part is a list of names found by the War Research Group set up in 2005 to find all additional known war dead for Palmerston North to that date. The War Research Group consisted of representatives from the Palmerston North City Council, Palmerston North RSA, Palmerston North Officers Club and the Manawatu Standard. Trevor Richards was the researcher

 
Gilbert Rose and Mary Hinkley

Gilbert Rose and Mary Hinkley

Gilbert Edison Rose with wife Mary Constance Cecile Hinkley (m. 1916). Gilbert Rose's parents were early settlers to the Rangiwahia district. Gilbert served with the 27th New Zealand Mounted Rifles during World War One. His military service began on 28 October 1916 and ended 17 June 1919. After training at Featherston Camp, he spent 1917-1918 as part of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force. He caught malaria in 1918 and was hospitalised in Cairo - he was not discharged until January 1919. He died in Feilding in 1945, officially as a result of his earlier malarial infection, and is buried in Rangiwahia cemetery along with his family. These photographs are held with the Rose Papers in the Ian Matheson City Archives.

 
Awapuni Memorial Rededication

Awapuni Memorial Rededication

The Awapuni Memorial at the Palmerston North Racecourse was rededicated after its refurbishment, on 20 October 2016. The memorial was originally erected at the Race course in 1929, to commemorate the New Zealand Medical Corps, who trained there ahead of deployment in World War One. After falling into disrepair a project to restore it began in 2014, at a cost of $200,000. The Royal New Zealand Army Medical Corps established the project team, with Palmerston North City Council and Awapuni Racing Centre. This photograph shows the original inscription, 'In Proud Memory of the Officers and Men of the New Zealand Medical Corps who were trained on these grounds 1914-1918 and who sacrificed their lives to the Empire'.

 
Final Battle Campaign - Best Decorated Car

Final Battle Campaign - Best Decorated Car

This photograph is captioned, "Winner of £50 prize for best decorated motorcar Palmerston North." While the occasion is not listed, this float can be seen in another photograph of a Final Battle Campaign event. The Final Battle Campaign was one of the fundraising efforts made by New Zealanders to raise money for the soldiers wounded during WWI. The Feilding Star gives an account of its achievements: "The Final Battle Campaign art union in Palmerston North realised about £7500. When this is added to the other money obtained in the campaign there will be £32,000 to add to the sick and wounded fund, bringing it up to £53,000 which is to be invested at 4 or 4 1/2 percent. It is hoped to be able to provide for all the men who return and who require assistance and also to assist, where necessary, the dependents of those who are away fighting". Feilding Star, volume XIV, Issue 35194, 3 May 1918, page 2.

Creator
Date
1918
 
Army Group

Army Group

A group photograph of soldiers from World War 1. The soldiers appear to be wearing the iconic 'Lemon Squeezer' style hat, worn by the New Zealand Infantry Division.

 
5th Wellington Regiment at Awapuni Military Camp

5th Wellington Regiment at Awapuni Military Camp

The Fifth Wellington Regiment at Palmerston North Camp, May 1915, shown in front of the Grandstand at Awapuni Military Camp. Note the men in civilian attire in the back two rows - these may indicate a shortage in uniforms, something which did occur in the larger camps. The men just in front of them are wearing an unusual collarless jacket, but their belts indicate that they are military. 

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